Some key points (read the book for more) in the talk that had my attention were:
Positional Leadership - They need to learn from past, adapt to the present, anticipate for the future. Consider this famous Chinese saying, 宋·范仲淹《岳阳楼记》：“先天下之忧而忧，后天下之乐而乐” The leader worry first before the people worry and he is only happy after the people are happy. It shows the foresight and the farsight of the leader and his love for his people.
The mission should be contant but vision need to be renewed. The Book of I-Ching provide a complete set of guidance of what to keep and what to change for the 64 Hexagrasms or situations and virtues of life. See I-Ching in One Minute for Abundant Life
-- Not position but followers;
-- Not popularity but results;
-- Not preaching but Examples.
-- Not privileges but responsibilities.
- from the front,
- back and
- inward where the people has internalized the attributes of their leader.
I-Ching #1 乾 Heaven/Creation, line 7, 用九 群龙无首 吉 Dragons have not leader. Good Fortune.
Or Lao Zi's the highest level of leadership is invisible. When the people have completed it, they said they did it all by themselves. Levels of Leadership - Can We Measure Leadership?
- at the front leading the troop
- in the middle working with the managers
- at the back strategizing
- at the sidelines cheering the troop
- all the above.
I was in fact discussing this question with friends on my table before Mr Lim's talk. I was pointing out the the Chinese mindset and the Western mindset are very different. The Western mindset tends to have fads that changes with time. The Chinese mindset is always "It all depends on the particular situation". One at the table mentioned that I was not commital. But the true wisdom is always not jumping to a conclusion for prescribing a fixed formula to all problems. The correct answer of course should be choice 5 but it is only completed is you list down that particular situation for the right type of leadership. It was very interesting to have Mr Lim talking about this issue.
Success of Singapore is based on its values of honour - honouring one another, integrity, honesty or essentially righteousness. It reminded me of Mat 6:33 seek ye fiest the kingdom of God and its righteousness and all these things will be added to you. I-Ching teaches us "利者，以中和也“ Profts come from harminizing with righteousness.
Maslow' s 8 stages Needs Model.
The revised version add 'others' into the original self centred 5 stage model.
Consider Confucius‘ sayings on love 仁:
- The Active or Positive Attitudes:
Faithfulness is "Wanting ourselves to stand up(be indepedent) to help others to stand up too. Wanting ourselves to be successful to help others to be successful too."
- The Passive Attitude:
恕是「己所不欲，勿施於人」Empathy is what we dislike we don't do it unto others.
Consider how Confucius defines greatest in How Great are You? Let Confucius Tell you.
- The 3 Levels of Greatness
1. Sharing of Material Wealth/Goods.
2. Right Use of Power. No self-glorifying and abuse of others.
3. Love for the People of All ages. Care for the aged, trust for friends and upbringing of the young.
Consider too, the even higher dimenision of Lao Zi in Who is the Greatest? The Unsung Hero and Lao Zi
- What does Lao Zi teach us about being greatest?It is not about self proclaimed greatness nor wanting people to praise to you.It is not about doing something to gain reputation or money for self.It is about meeting the needs of the situations or people, quietly doing them and doing them tirelessly.
The Comprehensive Leadership Styles:A more comprehensive leadership skills covering the actions for various situations can be found in
4 Basic and 5 Orientation Principles of Leadership from I-Ching
The 4D Leadership Evaluation Model:
A good way to measure the quality of leadership can be found in The Superior Mindset of A Leader - The 4 Dimension...
To build up such 4D Leaders, we need to develop the man according to The Multi-Brains Whole-Man Thinking Framework for succeess in the VUCAD world.
Hope you see the broadness and depth of Classical Chinese Wisdom and its applicability for this model world.
Lim Liat (c) 24 June 2014