31 July 2014

Durians, Singaporeans, Li Ka Shing and Sun Zi's Art of War

Durians, Singaporeans, Li Ka Shing and Sun Zi's Art of War, what have they in common? This common element brings out the secret of the success of the super-rich Li Ka Shing and the essence of the Art of War of Sun Zi. It is also a characteristic of Singaporeans that will ensure their success in the competitive world. Find out this key word and apply it well in your life.
Durian is a very pungent and tasty fruit well liked by many in South East Asia. Here is a picture of durians:

The Durian Business Model
The problem is, the tasty part of the fruit in inside and you can see. Though you want the flesh to be creamy, sweet, slightly bitter, and very small seed, you can't really tell (unless you are an expert) from the outside. You may run the risk of paying a lot for the fruit only to discover that the 'flesh' inside is no good (not ripe or too watery, with big seeds). So, the Durian Sellers come out with a good business model for you, the customer. The model is "Guaranteed Good to Eat" (Bao Jia 包吃. You can pick and they will open up for you to eat. If it is no good, you don't pay for it. They replace another one for you. You only pay for those you eat. If part of the opened durian is good and part is bad. The bad part will be replaced from another durian. That is a sure win and safe model for the customers even thought the price may be higher than you pick yourself.  It is also a sure win model for the suppliers too as the costs are covered in their supplier chain and the not good durians can be used in making durian cakes and other products.

The Secret of Li Ka Shing's Success.

李嘉诚说: 做生意要记住:手头上永远要有一样产品是天塌下来你也能赚钱的
Li Ka Shing: Must have some business such that even when the sky falls down there is still profits to make. Jack Ma, the founder of Alibaba, also quoted this particular Li's statement in his talk too. Successful serial entrepreneur are NOT merely risks taker. They are the minimizing risks takers. They identify the key risks and find out the likelihood and take measures to protect themselves for such risks. If they can't, they just go into such unmanaged risky business. If common people take such approach, the con men will have a much harder time trying to cheat people.

The Singaporeans Key Attributes
Singaporeans are recognized for their KiaX's - The most famous one is KiaSu, translated as Afraid to Loose. For details see The Kia-Su Kia-X's Uniquely Singaporeans - Mindset... The inverse of afraid to loose will be 'guarantee to win' 包赢 Bao Yea. This is exactly what Li Ka Shing said above ... make sure you can still a profit no matter what happens, even if the sky falls down. 

The Objective Function of Sun Zi's Art of War
If we don't study Sun Zi's Art of War well, we will think that the key principle of war will be maximizing destruction, especially of the enemy.  However, a careful study of Sun Zi's Art of War will reveal that Sun Zi has an objective function, like in Operation Research Optimization, for war and it is Maximizing Benefits using Minimum Costs. You can see it clearly in the following quotes from his book:
  • Chapter 3v3.4 必以全争于天下, 故兵不顿, 利可全,
    An all out win by absorbing the enemy's resources and so looses no soldiers & gain all benefits 
  • Chapter 3v1.3 是故百战百胜, 非善之善者也;不战而屈人之兵, 善之善者也。
    Winning every battle is not the best. Win without a battle is the best.
    (i.e. there is no need to go for war that consumes resources. The enemy just surrender without a fight.)
  • Chapter 11v2 合于利而动, 不合于利而止
    Move only when there is gains. Stop when there is no gains. 
  • Chapter 12v2 非利不动, 非得不用, 非危不战
    Fight only on gaining advantages, benefits, or in danger
  • Chapter 2v4  4 故智将务食于敌, 食敌一锺, 当吾二十锺, 萁秆一石, 当我廿石。
    The Wise take over the Enemy's resources (rather than destroy it).
    It is worth 20 times more!
  • Chapter 3v1.2 凡用兵之法, 全国为上, 破国次之; 全旅为上, 破旅次之; 全卒为上, 破卒次之; 全伍为上, 破伍次之。
    The methods to use the force are: best to take the enemy' city in tact rather than destroy it. Better to capture the battalion than to destroy it ...
Sun Zi Art of War is actually the Economics of War with an objective function of maximizing benefits with minimizing costs. Sun Zi is actually the great great grand father of Operations Research!

The secret of Apple's success was descibed by Philip Yeo as "it was designed for dummies“. See The Message behind “Philip Yeo’s Apple Aps’ gullible dummies.

The Golden Rule for Designed for Dummies is
  • Minimum effort with Maximum Returns” or “MaxValue@ZeroCost”

So, here is the question for your consideration.
If you have to pick an opponent, which of the following would you choose?
  1. An weak opponent that you can easily defeat and no one think much of you.
  2. A strong opponent so that when you beat him everyone sing your praises.
Your answer reveals your understanding of Sun Zi's Art of War.

Lim Liat (C) 31 July 2014

24 July 2014

Mind-Mapping to Gain More with Less On Design Principles

There are many wonderful things we can learned from the internet Cloud. But we will benefit a lot more with a little more effort by drawing a mindmap about what we learned. Here is one on design principles.
Here is a good article on design, the Design Philosophies From the Masters where it gives 13 inspiring quotes about design.

13 is a bit too many for our memory retention. By drawing a mind-map about thr 13 quotes, I was forced to understand them better and ended up with only 4 principles on the tecnhique for design. Here is the mind-map for design principles:
The first two branches are strategic statements that we need to design well and design is about coveying  ideas for not just ease of understanding but also motivating enough to cause the reader to do something about it. The next four are techniques for design -

  1. go for harmony of diversity and not uniformity (let the strength of diversity show up but be not in conflict with each other but be supportive of each other).
  2. Simplicity with hidden depth and not just simplicity alone. The technique that I recommend and use is the principle of MiniMax ---- minimize the number of features we want but of the features selected, we go into greater depth to deliver the highest value.
    See also Mind Value: 10 Design Rules for the Dummies
  3. Differentiate - Be bold to be different from the common at least in just one small way.
  4. Emotional - The outcome should cause a Wow response to say I want it. There is a quote that says I don't care about what you say but I will never forget how you make me feel. 
Lim Liat (c) 24 July 2014